Clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of urinary tract infections: 2022 update

3 days 6 hours ago
In 2015, the "New recommendations regarding the current controversies in urinary infection" were published in the Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría. Given the fact that in these past years, new evidence has emerged regarding the diagnosis and treatment of urinary infection, the Pediatric Nephrology Committee of Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría has decided to update these recommendations. The main goal is to provide the pediatrician with the necessary tools to make a correct diagnosis, define the...
Flavia Ramírez

Transdermal Measurement of Glomerular Filtration Rate in Mechanically Ventilated Piglets

3 days 6 hours ago
Transdermal measurement of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) has been used to evaluate kidney function in conscious animals. This technique is well established in rodents to study acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. However, GFR measurement using the transdermal system has not been validated in pigs, a species with a similar renal system to humans. Hence, we investigated the effect of sepsis on transdermal GFR in anesthetized and mechanically ventilated neonatal pigs. Polymicrobial...
Mina S Fanous

Association between proteinuria and adverse pregnancy outcomes: a retrospective cohort study

6 days 6 hours ago
Proteinuria during pregnancy is closely related to the occurrence of adverse pregnancy outcomes. One hundred and forty-two women with proteinuria during pregnancy and followed between January 2018 and December 2020 were evaluated. Based on the 24-h proteinuria value, they were divided as mild (n = 76, 300-1000 mg/day), moderate (n = 39, 1000-3500 mg/day) and severe (n = 27, >3500 mg/day) proteinuria. The rates of prematurity, low birth weight and neonatal asphyxia were significantly higher in...
Minjie Hu

A Case of Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch Syndrome With Fatal Hyperkalemic Renal Faliure

1 week 3 days ago
Wiedemann-Rautenstrauch Syndrome (WRS), also known as neonatal progeroid syndrome, is an extremely rare genetic syndrome characterized by a senile appearance at birth with multiple complex symptoms. We reported a case of a three-days old male neonate with features of WRS presented with fatal hyperkalemic renal failure which is a unique presentation not reported before in the cases affected with this syndrome. There is a positive family history of a previous sibling with the same features who...
Mohamed A Ghamry

Comparing the effect of different loading doses of phenobarbitone on serum phenobarbitone levels in babies with neonatal seizures and effect of therapeutic hypothermia on phenobarbitone levels

1 week 6 days ago
CONCLUSION: At higher loading doses of 30 and 40 mg/kg, steady state concentration of serum phenobarbitone is higher in babies with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy who underwent TH than in babies with non-HIE causes of seizures. Loading dose beyond 20 mg/kg should be used with close monitoring of serum drug level.
Vinod Palaparthy

The toxicokinetics of acute paraquat poisoning in specific patients: a case series

1 week 6 days ago
Paraquat is a non-selective contact herbicide that is absorbed through the digestive tract and skin and can cause multiple organ damage. The toxicokinetics of paraquat poisoning in specific patients are rarely reported. Case 1 was a 76-year-old man who intermittently immersed his perineum in diluted paraquat solution for 3 consecutive days because of eczema of the perineal skin. On admission, the patient's scrotal skin was severely corroded and his blood paraquat concentration was 0.5 μg/mL. He...
Longke Shi

Fatal Hypernatremic Dehydration in a Term Exclusively Breastfed Newborn

1 week 6 days ago
Hypernatremic dehydration in term newborns has steadily increased in incidence with increasing efforts to promote exclusive breastfeeding before hospital discharge, a key metric of the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. The following report details a case of a term newborn infant who had evidence of poor intake while exclusively breastfeeding during his hospital stay that may not have been recognized by health care providers. The infant was discharged home and was subsequently found by the...
Christie Del Castillo-Hegyi

Exome sequencing as a first-tier test for copy number variant detection: retrospective evaluation and prospective screening in 2418 cases

2 weeks ago
CONCLUSION: Combining single-nucleotide variant (SNV) and CNV detection increases the suitability of exome sequencing as a first-tier diagnostic test for suspected rare Mendelian disorders. Before considering the prescription of a WGS after a negative WES, a careful reanalysis with updated CNV calling and SNV annotation should be considered.
Quentin Testard

Investigation of the anti-pseudorabies virus activity of interferon lambda 3 in cultured porcine kidney epithelial cells

2 weeks 3 days ago
CONCLUSIONS: IFN-λ3 had antiviral activity against PRV and the upregulation of ISGs and IFN-γ mRNA expression may be the mechanism of IFN-λ3's antiviral activities. Thus, IFN-λ3 has a decisive function that greatly limits PRV replication in PK-15 cells. Our study explores the antiviral activity of IFN-λ3 on PRV for the first time.
Huidan Deng

Health-adjusted life expectancy in residents in Guangzhou, 2010-2019

2 weeks 3 days ago
Objective: To analyze the spatiotemporal distribution of life expectancy (LE) and health-adjusted life expectancy (HALE) in Guangzhou from 2010 to 2019, and quantize the comprehensive impact of different causes and sequelae on health. Methods: The LE, HALE, and cause-excluded health adjusted life expectancy (CEHALE) were estimated using cause-of-death surveillance datasets from Guangzhou Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention from 2010 to 2019 and open data from the Global Burden of...
J Y Xi

Perspectives: Neonatal acute kidney injury (AKI) in low and middle income countries (LMIC)

2 weeks 3 days ago
Neonatal AKI (NAKI) remains a challenge in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In this perspective, we address issues of diagnosis and risk factors particular to less well-resourced regions. The conservative management pre-kidney replacement therapy (pre-KRT) is prioritized and challenges of KRT are described with improvised dialysis techniques also included. Special emphasis is placed on ethical and palliation principles.
Mignon I McCulloch

Neonatal multiple organ failure after perinatal asphyxia

2 weeks 5 days ago
Perinatal asphyxia is an event with far-reaching consequences that can lead not only to the development of neonatal encephalopathy, but also to multiple organ failure (MOF). This ailment may result from the redistribution of blood flow, which would preserve the perfusion of vital organs such as the heart, brain and adrenal glands at the expense of other organs. The objective of the study was to determine the incidence and aetiopathogenesis of failure in the organs most frequently involved in...
Isabel Iribarren

Production of polyclonal viperin antisera using N-terminal deleted recombinant bovine viperin

2 weeks 6 days ago
Viperin, also known as radical S-adenosyl methionine domain-containing protein (RSAD2) is a multifunctional interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) that is activated during the viral infections. Viperin belongs to S-adenosyl methionine (SAM) superfamily of enzymes known to catalyze radical-mediated reactions and viperin inhibits a wide range of DNA and RNA viruses through its broad range of activity. The present study reports cloning and expression of bovine viperin in a bacterial expression system....
Mannem Sravanthi